Measuring is the very first step toward correct diabetes self-management. In this section you may find information about the different measures, the ways of testing, and also some useful testing tips.

Why should we measure blood sugar levels?

Measuring your blood sugar level is the only way to make sure it remains within the target range. How often you should check and record data on your blood sugar levels highly depends on your treatment and the indications of your doctors. If you are receiving insulin therapy you may also use a continuous glucose monitor, but even if it is useful, this technology cannot replace a glucose meter. Nevertheless, it may give you important information about the trends in blood sugar levels.

You may think that you learned how to eat properly and you are observing a rigid schedule, therefore the measurement is not necessary. However the amount of sugar in your blood may change unpredictably and due to many other reasons. It may change because of food, physical activity, medication, illness, alcohol, stress, and even hormones. That said, not measuring your blood sugar level because you think everything is under control is a risky behavior.

An additional  monitoring measure is the A1C testing, that gives an indication of your average blood sugar level for the past two or three months. If blood sugar level monitoring gives you a punctual indication on your blood sugar, A1C testing allows you to understand how is your treatment plan is working overall. This testing should be recommended by your doctor. If you have an elevated  A1C level you may need to change something in your treatment plan. Remember that the appropriate A1C levels have to be discussed with your doctor, who is able to give you a target that is appropriate to your age, sex and other factors.

More information regarding treatments and drugs can be found here.